Centrally located in the Middle East region, Jordan has been the crossing point for many civilizations in history, which explains the richness and variety of its sites and monuments. The country is endowed by political stability and has powerful infrastructure in addition to all the necessary facilities that guarantee the comfort of your stay.
State & GovernmentA constitutional monarch, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has been ruled by his Majesty late King Hussein since 1952 till 1999. Executive power is vested in the council of ministers which is appointed by the King, and which is accountable to a two-house parliament. The King appoints the 40 members of the upper house, while the 80 deputies of the lower house are elected by universal suffrage. Constitutional provisions define the rights and duties of Jordanian citizens, while guaranteeing the right of free worship opinion, press, association and private property. For decades Jordan has enjoyed a remarkable political stability. Today, King Abdullah following his father's steps on the road of peace and democracy, continuing what his father and Grandfathers did.
Geography & HistoryPositioned at the convergence of the three continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, the Kingdom's 96,188 square kilometers provide a diverse variety of landscapes. From the hills and mountains of the geographic centre of Jordan the Badia plains extend in an eastward direction into Saudi Arabia. The fertile rift valley forms the western boundary along the Jordan River flows, and it terminates in the Dead Sea, the lowest point on earth at 400 meters below sea level. The port of Aqaba provides Jordan with an outlet of Thread Sea.
Many Civilizations have sought to control the strategic geographic location of Jordan and parts of Jordan have at one time or another been under the dominion of the Sumerian, Mesopotamian, ....etc, Empires eventually falling under the rule of the Greek, Roman, and Persian classical Civilizations.
Since the 7th Century, Jordan had been ruled by various Arab and Islamic dynasties, the last being the Ottoman Empire (1516-1918.) The League of Nations placed what was in 1920 called Transjordan under British mandate. The British mandate expired in 1946, and since that time Transjordan, now called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has been a constitutional monarchy.
ClimateJordan's climate is arid, and moderate in temperature. Winter temperatures average around 8-10 degrees centigrade, with summer temperatures of 28-35 degrees centigrade. Average annual rainfall varies from less than 50mm to over 200mm in certain parts of the country. Amman, at over 950 meters elevation, is known for its cool, and dry nights even in full summer.
Population & LanguageJordan's population is 4.6 million. The gender differences are minimal, as the population is 52% male, 48% female, and the population is young with 41% being under the age of 15, and only 3% being over the age of 64.
Islam is the predominant religion, with over 92% of the people being Sunni. 6% are Christian, and the remainder being Sunni Circassians and Cheches, Druzes, Bahai, and Shia Muslims. The Muslim New Year and other Islamic holy days are public holidays.